TU Berlin

Cognitive Modeling in dynamic Human-Machine SystemsExpectation and Surprise


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Expectation and Surprise

Expectations play an important role in the perception and control of our environment. Surprise is the emotional signal that the perception of the environment does not fit our expectations. It routinely triggers a series of cognitive evaluation processes that perform the necessary adaptation processes to the new or unexpectedly complex environment. Our goal is the classification of different expectation types and the specification of the processes underlying expectations and surprise. We also interested in which role Expectations play a role in the initial pickup and the subsequent use of new technical devices.


Team Expectation and Surprise

Nele Rußwinkel

Stefan Lindner


Finished Theses



Project-related Publications

Russwinkel, N., Prezenski, S., Halbrügge, M. and Lindner, S. (2016). Introduction to Cognitive Modelling with ACT-R. In Proceedings of the 13th Biannual Conference of the German Cognitive Science Society (KogWis 2016). (Tutorial im Rahmen der KogWis 2016) Link to publication

Lindner, S. and Russwinkel, N. (2015). The Effect of Design Decisions on User Expectations - A modelling approach. Berliner Werkstatt Mensch-Maschine-Systeme, 2015.

Link to publication

Lindner, S. and Russwinkel, N. (2013). Modeling of expectations and surprise in ACT-R. In West, R. and Stewart, T. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Cognitive Modeling (ICCM 2013), p. 161-166. Link to publication Link to original publication


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